Fallen soldiers at the Battle of
On August 12, 1882, Freedom
Sanborn of Sanbornton, NH enlisted in the 12th New Hampshire
Regiment in Belknap County. After this, and under the
command of the Union Army, he traveled from Laconia
to Washington DC and from there into battle. He was
wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863,
when a musket ball passed through his throat and shattered
his windpipe, preventing him from speaking aloud for
one year. As a farmer, he settled settled with his father
at the bay. On October 1, 1883, at the age of 32, he
died of a heart disease induced by his army experience.
Reprinted From Sanbornton Historical Archives
Aug. 12 - Tuesday - Enlisted in the Belknap County
Aug. 25 - Monday - Went into
camp at Laconia.
Aug. 30 - Saturday - Got
a furlough till Monday.
Aug.31 - Sunday - Went to
meeting, heard White Preach.
Sep. 1 - Monday - It rained hard all the afternoon.
Was on guard a little while in the forenoon. Guard was
not on in the afternoon.
Tues. 2 - A cold day, the
wind blew hard.
Wed. 3 - Warmer, got a furlough
until Friday morning at six oclock.
Thurs. 4 - At home - Helped
father cut clover piece.
Fri. 5 - Went to Laconia
at 6 oclock and started for Concord. Got there and
found our quarters all fixed up - went into them.
Sat. 6 - Drilled in the afternoon.
Was examined in the afternoon and I passed.
Sun. 7 - Went to church in
the forenoon. Loafed around the camp with Fred in the
Mon.8 - Went over to the
city and was mustered into the service of Uncle Sam.
Thurs. 11 - The 11th left
camp for Washington. Got our uniform and $25 of our State
Fri. 12 - The Company marched
to the City about 9 oclock and fussed around till
2, got one months pay and came home.
Sun. 14 - Went to Union Bridge
to meeting. Fred hooked this book, went to his house to
Tues. 16 - Came back to camp.
Thurs. 18 - The folks from
Laconia came down to see us and brought us a dinner.
Sat. 20 - Went home - Stayed
at Sanbornton Bridge.
Sun. 21 - Went to church
and heard Rev. Dr. Young preach.
Mon.22 - Bid good bye to
the folks and went to Concord again.
Tues. 23 - Went to the City
and got the rest of out State bounty.
Thurs. 25 - Col. Potter took
command of the Reg. - had an inspection from 4 to 6 pm.
Fri. 26 - Had our colors
presented to us and got orders to leave for Washington
Sat. 27 - Left Concord at
8 oclock. We passed through Manchester and Nashua
to Worchester and got our dinner. Passed though Norwich
and took the Steamer City of NY at Allyns Point
- went across the sound, and got to Jersey City at 2 oclock.
Left there at 8:30.
Sun. 28 - Passed through
Trenton - arrived at Camden at 1:30 pm. - Arrived in Phil
Mon. 29 - Left at 6 and got
to Baltimore at 3 am. Got our breakfast then waited till
2 pm and started for Washington. Had one man shot soon
after leaving Baltimore. Rode all night, got to Washington
at 3 am Tues.
Tues. 30 -Arrived in Washington
(3 am). Got a miserable breakfast and started for Arlington
Heights at 10 - Oh how hot it was. A lot of our men fell
out and had to be carried the rest of the way.
Wed. 1 - In camp at Arlington Heights, weather
is hot as love in haying time.
Thurs. 2 - Moved our camp
about a half mile.
Sat. 4 - Was detailed for
special duty. Went about 2 miles and chopped wood. There
was about 130 men of our Reg. went - cut about 20 acres.
Sun. 5 - Got orders to move
our camp. The Col. got it put off till tomorrow.
Mon. 6 - Moved our camp about
Thurs. 9 - Marched to Washington
and changed our guns and then back again about 20 miles,
guess I was tired when I got back. Got a letter from home.
Fri. 10 - Was detailed for
guard duty. It rained in the night. Got orders to pack
up and be ready to move, but did not go.
Sun. 12 - Wrote home.
Mon. 13 - The Regiment was
reviewed by Gen. Whipple. Got a letter from Laconia.
Tues. 14 - Battalion drill
in the forenoon, weather a little cooler. Got another
order to pack up and start but didnt go.
Wed. 15 - Arthur Sanborn
from Cavalry was here. Wesley went into the hospital.
Wrote to Lydia.
Thurs. 16 - Weather dry and
hot. Got orders to pack about 7 oclock in the evening.
Packed and then went to sleep and got about 3 am Fri.
Fri. 17 - Got our breakfast
and started for Washington - arrived about 7 oclock.
Took the cars, came back toward Baltimore, turned off
about 10 miles; from there came up the river toward Harpers
Sat. 18 - Stopped at Knoxville, 2 miles from Harpers
Ferry at 2 in the morning; stayed there all day, camped
there that night.
Sun. 19 - Marched about 3
miles to another camp in the rain. Wrote home.
Mon 20 - On guard. The weather
warm in the day time and cool in the night. Baggage wagon
came in, having been 9 days on the way.
Wed. 22 - Windy as the old
Fri. 24 - A division inspection
in the afternoon. 8 Regiments and 2 batteries of Artillery.
Struck out tents at 9 oclock and marched 5 miles
Sat. 25 - At Berlin all day
doing nothing, a hot day.
Sun. 26 - Packed up and crossed
the Potomac at 10 oclock. Marched a mile then hauled
up, our Co. was detailed for picket duty. O how it rained.
Mon. 27 - In Va on picket.
McCellan army crossing the river in three places. A big
thing about to take place.
Tues. 28 - Marched again
2 miles and pitched our tents.
Thurs. 30 - Another march
10 miles into Va.
Sat. 1 - Wrote home. Heard heavy firing all the
Sun. 2 - On the march again.
Mon. 3 - Marching
Tues. 4 - March
Wed. 5 - Got tired out and
marched behind the Reg. with the sick ones.
Thurs. 6 - Sick. Rode on
an ambulance. Snow in the afternoon.
Fri. 7 - In the hospital,
did not march.
Sat. 8 - The Reg. marched
2 miles - I rode.
Sun. 9 - Got some better
and joined the Co. Laid still all day near Orleans City.
Mon. 10 - Wrote home. A warm
day. News came that Fort Darling was taken.
Tues. 11 - Marched 5 miles
Wed. 12 - Got our mail, 2
letters from father and 4 others. Wrote one home.
Thurs. 13 - Gorden Sanborn
came over to see me, guess I was glad to see him. Weather
warm and dry.
Fri. 14 - Gorden came to
see me again, had a good long talk with him.
Sat. 15 - Had orders in the
morning to be ready to move in light marching order in
5 minutes, but did not go at all. Heard firing in the
Sun. 16 - Commenced our march
to Fredericksburg. Marched 6 miles to Washington.
Mon. 17 - Marched about 10
miles, within 2 miles of the Rapahanock Station on the
Orange and Alexandria Railroad.
Tues. 18 - Marched to Cool
Spring where there is a copper mine. Went out 2 miles
Wed. 19 - The Rebs tried
to cross a creek about a miles from where we were stationed,
our battery formed in line and we were drawn up in line
behind it for more than 3 hours - sent out one Co. as
skirmishers, but was not attacked, marched 7 miles.
Thurs. 20 - Camped within
9 miles of Fredericksburg. It rained all day - guess our
pleasant weather is over.
Fri. 21 - A little warmer
and fair weather. Mail came but did not get any letter.
Sat. 22 - Marched about 5
miles in the mud. Some awful mud holes on the way. Got
into camp about dusk.
Sun. 23 - Roll call at 4
oclock. Got our breakfast and started about 9, marched
about 5 miles and went into camp about 2 oclock,
within 4 miles of Fredericksburg.
Mon. 24 - In camp on the
Railroad to Ayria Creek. Wrote home and went over to see
Sam and Gorden in the evening.
Tues. 25 - The Col. thought
we needed a little drill so he drilled us in battalion
drill 2 hours in the forenoon and 3 in the afternoon -
It rained in the night.
Wed. 26 - Old fighting Joe
Hooker reviewed our division in the afternoon. Had to
march 2 miles for review. Got news that there is to be
no more fighting for 15 days - hope it is so.
Thurs. 27 - Thanksgiving
day in N.H. Had some steamed beans for my Thanksgiving
dinner. Wrote home. Ben Weeks was buried at noon.
Fri. 28 - Battalion drill
in the forenoon and afternoon. The Col. is drilling us
pretty sharp about numbers - commenced running.
Sat. 29 - Drill in the forenoon.
Sam and Gorden came over to see me.
Sun 30 - An inspection at
9:30, dress parade at 5. A pleasant day.
Mon. 1 - Our Co. on guard. Was on from 6 till 8
in the morning. In the afternoon went on guard at Gen.
Whipples quarters. Got a mail - no letter for me.
Tues. 2 - Company drill in
the forenoon. Moved our camp across the railroad into
the woods. Fair and warm.
Wed. 3 - No drill today.
Fixing our quarters all day. Got a mail, no letter from
home. Wrote home to find out the reason why I didnt
get any letters.
Thurs. 4 - Battalion drills.
When we got got in found a mail had come in with letters
from home, one wrote the 7th and one the 20th of November.
Co. drill in the afternoon.
Fri. 5 - Went out to drill
and it began to rain so we came in again. It snowed and
rained all day and was as wet and nasty as it could very
Sat. 6 - An inch and a half
of snow on the ground in the morning. Did not drill on
account of the snow.
Sun. 7 - Inspection at 10.
Tried to write home but it was so cold that I could not
write. A cold frosty day.
Mon. 8 - A little warmer.
Snow thawed a little - finished my letter home and wrote
to Wes. Drew a pair of pants, a pair of drawers, and a
pair of socks.
Tues. 9 - Weather a little
warmer. Have been in the service 3 months today.
Wed. 10 - Co. H on guard.
Had an inspection and they gave us 20 extra rounds of
cartridges. Weather growing warmer every day.
Thurs. 11 - Got orders to
march. Left our knapsacks and marched over toward Fredericksburg.
Our folks tried all day to cross the river but did not
do it. Bombarding Fredericksburg.
Fri. 12 - Marched down to
the river. The Rebs shelled us when we came in sight;
killed one man and wounded 3 others. At night we marched
back a piece and laid down for the night.
Sat. 13 - Crossed the river
and was held in reserve in the city all day. Fighting
a little way out of the city all day. A hard battle, neither
side seemed to get the day.
Sun. 14 - Not much fighting
today. The rebel batteries and our exchanged a few shorts.
We laid in the streets of the city ready to move if wanted.
Mon. 15 - The fighting about
the same as yesterday. Weather warm, snow all gone. We
laying in the street waiting for orders.
Tues. 16 - Last night we
was marching all over the city, first in one place and
then in another, and about daylight we marched across
the bridge and back to our old camp. Wrote home.
Wed. 17 - In our old camp.
An inspection in the afternoon. Did not make out much
at Fredericksburg; rather got the worst of it.
Thurs. 18 - Company drill. Got me a rubber blanket.
A letter from home dated the 11th.
Fri. 19 - Was on guard at
the depot. A cold night.
Sat. 20 - Got a letter from Lydia. Colder than
thunder. George Odell came over to our camp to see us.
Sun. 21 - Inspection at 10.
Went over to see the Cavalry boys in the afternoon.
Mon. 22 - Our Co. on guard.
I was on at the Generals quarters. A little warmer.
Wrote home and got a letter from Fred.
Tues. 23 - On guard at the
Gen. till 7 oclock. A warmer day, warmer than it
had been for a week. Wrote to Fred.
Wed. 24 - Company drill from
11 till 12. Making fireplaces and fixing up our quarters
in the afternoon.
Thurs. 25 - Christmas day. Did not drill.
Fri. 26 - A Division drill
in the forenoon. I was excused from duty to do my washing,
so I did not go out.
Sat. 27 - A Battalion drill
from 10:30 till 11:30, dress parade at 4. Weather warm
as September in New Hampshire.
Sun. 28 - Inspection and
dress parade as usual. Chaplain preached to us from the
text Remember the Sabbath Day, and as soon
as we got in from meeting, we was ordered to fix up our
Mon. 29 - Battalion drill
from 10 to 12. General review from 3 until dark. I dont
see why I dont get letters from home.
Tues. 30 - Grand review at
2 oclock. John P. Hale, U.S. Statesman, was present.
Wed. 31 - Last day of 1862.
Drew a dress coat, etc. Was mustered for pay, but guess
it will be some time before we get it. This winds up this
book, and I guess I will send it home to the folks, hoping
it will find them well and that I shall be with them before
Thurs. December 11 - A Battle going on at Fredericksburg.
We are laying on our arms, listening to the roar of the
guns. It is now 11 oclock and we are within one
mile of our batteries. They are hid from us by a hill.
Oh what a roar - there is not one-half second intermission.
The noise resembles a big thunder shower in haying time.
The noise of a big shell going through the air at this
distance sounds exactly like the roar of thunder.
Tues. [January]12 - We marched down to the river
side. When we got most there the Rebs opened fire on us
from their Batteries and sent the shot and shell flying
around our ears rather faster than was agreeable, but
one took effect and that only wounded 3 men of Co. B.
We are lying on the banks of the river now 3 oclock,
the Rebs throwing shells and we dodging them. Not very
Freedom Sanborn -1862.